Basic styles of bonsai trees.

Bonsai, as a Japanese art form, is more restrictive than Chinese counterpart Penning. Bonsai is trying to get the perfect view, and Penning is trying to recreate nature. That is why if you follow the rules of the rules, Bonsai has the best styling, while Penning will make you free for your work. Read different styles of bonsai.

Broom (Hokidachi or Hoki-zukuri)

In a very attractive style, this form has branches that develop at a certain height, turning it into an upside-down broom. This styling is achieved mainly through the technique of “V” cut. Where the branch begins to develop, a deep V cut is performed on the remaining trunk after the trunk is cut. This will cause the buds to break through the wound.

Formal Upright (Chokkan)

The tree has a straight trunk from the bottom to the top, shaped like a “chokan”. The first and largest branch is often located at 1/3 of the desired height of the tree, either to the right or to the left. The following branch is located on the opposite side and the third one is behind it. When you look at the branch structure from bottom to top, the branches become thin, creating a pyramidal shap. This style is very similar to the style mentioned earlier because the same rules of design apply, however, the trunk is not a straight, but a tapered form when tapped. This style is commonly used in conifers.

Semi-cascade (Han-Kengai)

This style is similar to formal formal straightening except that the trunk is tilted to one side. Branches grow in the trunk similar to the posterior / proximal or straight, but the apex gives a visual balanced effect by sliding to the opposite side of the trunk.

Cascade (kengai).

This styling requires a tilted trunk at a 45-degree angle. The main part of the foliage is below the pot line and sometimes goes beyond the pot. This often represents a tree that grows on the mountainside. This style uses a deep pot.

Semi-cascade (Han-kengai).

Similar to the Kengai style, this style also has a sloping trunk. However, the foliage is at the height of the pot line. In nature, this method is found near a waterway, with vegetation growing on the side and leaning into the water. Although the Cascade style uses a deep pot, this style uses a medium depth pot.

Windswept (Fukinagashi).

The “Windswept” tree represents a tree that grows in a certain shape due to its natural elements. The trunk, often caused by strong winds, always leans in a certain direction and all branches grow on the same side.

Literati (Bunjin).

This style is often represented in Japanese paintings. It is a tall and sinful trunk tree. The foliage grows only near the peak of the tree. This styling is an exception to Bonsai’s strict rules because it has no specific rules. This represents what the Bunchin Movement in Japan is: the search for independence.

Group/Forest (Yose-ue).

This styling often represents a forest or a small group of trees. It should be designed to clearly represent the growing habits of the trees in a group. To achieve this styling can be used a number of tequilas and many perception techniques to create the illusion of the forest, or, as Naka puts it, “the quality of nature’s invisible beauty.” To honor Japanese art, odd trees are chosen for this styling.

Raft (ikadabuki).

The same rules apply to group planting. However, not all trunks come out of a normal trunk. This method is often achieved by using a branch placed perpendicular to the soil. The roots become this branch and the upper part of the vertical branch develops secondary branches that eventually become trunks.

Multi-Trunk Style (Sokan – Shankan).

This multi-trunk style has different possibilities. The first, called “sokan”, consists of two trunks emerging from the same visible roots (nebari). The styling of the tops of the tree should respect the same rules as the formal formal / analog straight styles described earlier. Another variation consists of one but three trunks coming from the visible roots. This is called “Shankara”. You may have more than three trunks, but to honor the Japanese bonsai, it is better to have one-dimensional trunks.

Roots Over Rock (Ishitsuki).

There are many roots to this styling, the ability to grow over a rock and move into pot and soil.

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